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What is diabetes?

diabetes logo edited
Introduction:
What is diabetes?

A person has diabetes when their body’s blood glucose (or blood sugar) levels are higher than normal. We take in glucose from the foods we eat, and it has the extremely important task of providing energy to all of our body’s cells.

Usually the pancreas, which is an organ located in between our stomach and spine, produces a hormone called insulin that is responsible for helping the blood carry glucose to our cells. But if the pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin, or if the insulin isn’t doing its job, then our body is unable to process the glucose.

Basically, the glucose would be stuck in our blood and cells wouldn’t be receiving the energy they need to function.

There are three different kinds of diabetes:

Type 1,
Type 2, and
Gestational Diabetes.

We will explain the differences between all three, but the rest of our discussion will focus primarily on Type 2 diabetes, as that is the most common form (and also the most easily prevented).

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Drug to benefit people with common heart condition

New drug set to benefit 100,000 people with common heart condition.

Wed 27 APRIL 2016 – NHS England – NICE gives green light to new drug set to benefit 100,000 people with common heart condition

Sacubitril valsartan for chronic heart failure has been recommended as a new heart failure drug sacubitril valsartan (Entresto, Novartis), the first drug of its type, as an option for some people with heart failure.

Guidance recommends the £3 per day treatment for this life-threatening condition which affects over 100,000 people with moderate to severe symptoms in whose heart is only able to pump a reduced amount of oxygenated blood around the body (called – reduced ejection fractionii), and whose heart failure is not controlled by the commonly used drugs, ACE inhibitors or ARBs.

Treatment with sacubitril valsartan is estimated to cost about £1,200 per person per year.